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'Joy Over Denmark' by Poul Martin Møller

Poul Martin Møller (1794-1838) is known for his poem "Joy Over Denmark." As I collect references to eunuchs, here, I point out the eunuch in the third-to-last stanza. The translator wrote "Listen to the eunuchs' voices whining," but Möller's original Danish is "Lytte paa den sorte Halvmands Triller" ("Listen to the black half-man's trilling"). The implication is that the eunuch is a harem guard, as he is physically near an Eastern lord and the women he has paid for ("Østens Drot blandt kjøbte Friller"). The poem's overall point is that, while other countries are imagined or known to be wealthy or exotic, the relatively modest Denmark remains beautiful to the poet. The exoticized treatment of other lands is unlovely to me, but it is typical of Western literature that mentions eunuchs. Joy Over Denmark Roses proudly glow in Dana's bowers; Horses graze where sleep heroic dead; Bees distill the sweetness from the f
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Andrew Marvell: In Eunuchum Poetam (a 17th-century poem)

A scan of The Complete Works in Verse and Prose of Andrew Marvell: Verse. Andrew Marvell lived 1621-1678. Marvell is saying that the eunuch will become famous through his poems, which will substitute for the children he will never have. The eunuch isn't "barren" insofar as he uses his "verse" to impregnate "fame," and his poems will be repeated ("Echo nurse..."), becoming "a tuneful race." IN EUNUCHUM POETAM: Nec sterilem te crede, licet mulieribus exul / Falcem virgineae nequeas immittere messi, / Et nostro peccare modo. Tibi fama perenne / Praegnabit, rapiesque novem de monte sorores, / Et pariet modulos Echo repetita nepotes. Translation. UPON A EUNUCH-POET. Deem not that thou art barren, though, forlorn, / Thou plunge no sickle in the virgin corn, / And, mateless, hast no part in our sweet curse. / Fame shall be ever pregnant by thy verse; / The vocal Sisters nine thou shalt embrace, / And Echo nurse thy words, a tune

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